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human error

Understanding Human Error in Workplaces:

Causes, Impacts, and Prevention


In any workplace, human error is an unfortunate but inevitable reality. Despite advancements in technology and automation, humans remain an integral part of the workforce, and their actions can lead to errors with varying degrees of consequences. Understanding the causes, impacts, and prevention strategies related to human error is crucial for organizations aiming to create a safe and productive work environment. In this article, we will explore the dynamics of human error in workplaces and provide insights into mitigating its occurrence.

Causes of Human Error:

  1. Lack of Training and Competence: Inadequate training or a lack of necessary skills and knowledge can contribute to errors. When employees are unfamiliar with proper procedures or lack the expertise to handle certain tasks, the likelihood of mistakes increases. This is an error-state often created by workplaces themselves. Training and exposure are key elements required to maximize competance.
  2. Fatigue and Stress: Fatigue, both physical and psychological, can impair cognitive abilities and decision-making, leading to errors. High-stress levels, tight deadlines, and long working hours can also impact concentration and increase the risk of errors.
  3. Distractions and Interruptions: Workplace distractions, such as noisy environments, frequent interruptions, or multitasking, can divert attention and compromise focus. When employees are not fully engaged in their tasks, errors are more likely to occur.
  4. Communication Breakdown: Inadequate communication channels, unclear instructions, or misinterpretation of information can lead to errors. Lack of effective communication within teams or between supervisors and subordinates can result in misunderstandings and mistakes.
  5. Complacency and Overconfidence: Routine and familiarity with tasks can sometimes breed complacency, leading to a decreased level of attention and an increased likelihood of errors. Overconfidence in one’s abilities can also result in mistakes when tasks are approached with a “relaxed” attitude.

Impacts of Human Error:

Human errors in workplaces can have a range of impacts, including:

  1. Safety Incidents and Accidents: Errors can directly contribute to workplace accidents, injuries, and even fatalities. Failure to follow safety protocols, mishandling equipment, or overlooking hazards can result in severe consequences.
  2. Productivity Losses: Mistakes often lead to rework, delays, and disruptions in workflow, impacting productivity. Correcting errors and addressing their consequences can consume valuable time and resources, hindering overall organizational efficiency.
  3. Financial Consequences: Errors can have financial implications, such as increased costs due to wasted materials, equipment damage, or customer dissatisfaction. Moreover, legal liabilities and compensation claims resulting from errors can have a significant financial impact on organizations.
  4. Reputational Damage: Repeated or high-profile errors can tarnish an organization’s reputation. Negative publicity, loss of customer trust, and damage to brand image can be long-lasting and challenging to recover from.

Prevention Strategies:

  1. Robust Training and Competence Development: Providing comprehensive training programs that equip employees with the necessary skills and knowledge is essential. Regularly updating training materials and conducting refresher courses can help mitigate errors caused by inadequate training.
  2. Implementing Error-Proofing Measures: Introduce systems and processes that minimize the likelihood of errors. This can include implementing checklists, standard operating procedures (SOPs), automation, and leveraging technology to reduce reliance on human memory and attention.
  3. Creating a Positive Safety Culture: Foster a culture that prioritizes safety and encourages employees to report near-misses and errors without fear of retribution. Emphasize learning from mistakes and implementing preventive measures rather than blaming individuals.
  4. Clear Communication and Instructions: Ensure that communication channels are clear, concise, and easily accessible to all employees. Provide detailed instructions and clarify expectations to minimize misunderstandings and errors caused by miscommunication.
  5. Addressing Fatigue and Stress: Implement strategies to manage employee fatigue and stress levels. This can include providing adequate rest breaks, promoting work-life balance, and encouraging open dialogue about mental health concerns.
  6. Continuous Improvement and Learning: Establish a culture of continuous improvement by conducting regular reviews, analyzing errors, and implementing corrective actions. Encourage employees to contribute their insights and suggestions for error prevention.


While human error is an inherent aspect of the workplace, organizations can take proactive steps to minimize its occurrence and mitigate its impacts. By understanding the causes of human error, addressing underlying factors, and implementing prevention strategies, organizations can create a safer and more efficient work environment. By fostering a culture of learning, open communication, and continuous improvement, organizations can empower their employees to actively contribute to error prevention and collectively strive for a culture of excellence. If you would like to see how the UK Health & Safety Executive describes human error click here.

second look logoTransformational Safety had presented the Take a Second Look program to organizations all around the world. It never fails to get a powerful response as participants experience how unbelievably simple it is to be put into an error-state. You owe it to your workplace to truly understand how easy it is to make errors – and then put in processes to develop an error-friendly workplace.

If you would like to read a little bit more about the Master Facilitator of the Take a Second Look Human Error Think-Shop just click here.

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Mohamed, Dammam

I participated in the Take a Second Look program run by David Broadbent from Transformational Safety. To say I was blown away by what David achieved in minutes I would never have believed. The room was full of senior leaders from Saudi Aramco. We all, and I mean all, made some basic counting errors in a very simple scenario put to us. David then went on to take us on a journey through the world of human error. It opened our eyes to how easy it is – and how often it’s happening around us all the time. Every worker at Saudi Aramco should complete this program. 

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